Business of Private Medical Practice: Doctors, Specialization, and Urban Change in Philadelphia, 1900-1940 (Critical Issues in Health and Medicine)
The Business of Private Medical Practice is a case study of how market forces influenced the office locations and career paths of doctors in one early twentieth-century city, Philadelphia, the birthplace of American medicine. Without financial incentives to locate in poor neighbourhoods, Philadelphia doctors instead clustered in central business districts and wealthy suburbs. In order to differentiate their services in a competitive marketplace, they also began to limit their practices to particular specialties, thereby further restricting access to primary care. Such trends worsened with ongoing urbanization.
Illustrated with numerous maps of the Philadelphia neighbourhoods he studies, Schafer’:s work helps underscore the role of economic self-interest in shaping the geography of private medical practice and the growth of medical specialization in the United States.
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Vom Ostblock Zur Eu: Systemtransformationen 1990-2012 Im Vergleich (Schriften Des Hannah-Arendt-Instituts Fur Totalitarismusfors)